Materials and equipment in the creation of a modern office

A modern functional office is a high-tech facility, so creating a quality office project is impossible without the involvement of narrow specialists. In the process of work, a balance must be found between all the components: the customer’s desire, the standards of the organization of the workplace and the location of equipment, the specific conditions (the area and configuration of the building), functionality and aesthetics, the cost of construction, design and operation. In each specific case, one has to choose the optimal solution under the harsh conditions of the set goals and a limited budget.
In the article (link) we considered the principles of office space planning. Now we need to dwell more on the design features, materials and equipment used in the creation of the office.
Design features of a modern office
Functionality is the basis for designing an office, the ergonomics of the office has its own aesthetics and even ethics. Depending on the technological solutions and the quality of the materials used, several levels of office design can be distinguished, each of which corresponds to the standards of the organization of the working space, but differs by the complexity of the execution, the cost of materials and, accordingly, the degree of ergonomics and comfort.
The main parameters by which you can assess the level of office design:
• Technology of laying cables and communication systems;
• Arrangement and material of interior partitions;
• Type of floor covering;
• Installation of ceilings;
• Organization of lighting and sun protection.
If we are talking about the basic, traditional level of arrangement of office space, we can say that communication systems and power cables are hidden by simple wall boxes, partitions and ceiling – plastered brick or concrete, on the floor – parquet or linoleum, lighting – hanging lamps and transparent white Curtains from the sun. The modern design of the office provides a false floor, under which all the wiring is hidden; Multifunctional, often completely transparent, mobile partitions are used; Carpet tiles on the floor and suspended modular ceiling, under which are also placed lighting and communications, direct and indirect light systems, multifunctional blinds in two levels. Between these two levels of design, you can identify several intermediate steps.
Obviously, the modern office is moving to the side:
• mobility,
• expansion of space,
• safety and reliability of operation.
To the boxes, laid along the walls, all workplaces are tied. You can not place employees in the center of the room. This is justified with a certain design of the room, but not always. The offered floor boxes are not safe to use. You can lay the box in the floor before pouring the screed. However, this means a preconceived outline of the outlets that you can not change. The most technological is the false floor. Almost the whole surface of the floor serves as a place for laying cables. On top of the special metal racks, the design of which is different for different manufacturers, fit the floor of the office floor. The downside here is the height of the structure – it is inconvenient if the overall height of the room is not great. However, modern designs do not exceed a height of 100mm. If you use modular panels and carpet tiles for covering, it will not be difficult to repair, maintain or upgrade the floor part and open the access to the desired area. This is especially important when the office work can not be interrupted, in the call center, for example.
It’s great when the height of the room allows you to hide part of the communications – air ducts, lighting, the same electrical and internet cables behind the suspended ceiling. And obviously, in this case too, the modular design should be preferred in order to provide access to the systems when it is needed. Another option is to leave hatches in key locations.
All partitions in the office room can be divided into load-bearing and non-load-bearing. Structurally necessary load-bearing partitions of concrete or brick – the constant of the building, their position can not be changed. In modern office buildings built on the principle of “core and shell”, the tenant is provided with an area between the outer walls and the bearing center, the “core”, so you get a free space that you can fill with mobile partitions at your discretion. In the old building you get load-bearing partitions, which you will have to use. In both cases, there are advantages and disadvantages that designers play in different ways.
A non-usable partition of brick or concrete deprives your office of mobility, but it has good soundproofing and fireproof properties. The most common today are skeletal partitions of a double layer of plasterboard, differently lined and filled, depending on the purpose and in accordance with the requirements of fire safety. They are convenient, inexpensive they can be transferred. However, they are less mobile, durable and aesthetic than modular. Modular systems

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